The final Law Update of 2022 is here, and it’s packed full of articles. The double edition features two focus areas, first is a spotlight on Energy and Resources and second we feature a collection of articles on Transport and Logistics. The developments occurring in these sectors in the MENA region are unprecedented and our lawyers cover vast themes for you.
The Energy and Resources focus features topics such as diversifying energy resources, solar PV, mining in the Middle East, renewable energy and green hydrogen. From a transport perspective, we draw attention to the Bahrain metro project, discuss the challenges and remedies associated with the repossession of an aircraft, and there is advice on what to consider should a party vary the terms of a shipping contract.
This edition navigates you through updates from across jurisdictions such as, Oman, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Iraq, Qatar, and the UAE. Each article is timely and provides insights into legal issues and cases that are affecting these sectors across the region.Read the full edition
Sebastian Roberts - Senior Associate - Real Estate
In March 2020, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, as part of its 2030 vision, introduced Regulation No. 440 on the Regulation of the Ownership, Subdivision and Management of Real Estate Units (‘New JOP Regulation’). The introduction of the New JOP Regulation, which came into effect on 9 September 2020, represents the first significant overhaul (in over 17 years) of the regulations relating to jointly owned property and some key elements of the New JOP Regulation were set out in our article in the April 2020 edition of Law Update.
The New JOP Regulation contemplates, at Article 21, the Ministry of Housing issuing the implementing regulation, which will supplement the New JOP Regulation and provide further clarity on the interpretation and application of the New JOP Regulation (‘Implementing Regulation’). On 14 June 2020 (corresponding to 22 Shawwal 1441 H), the Ministry of Housing introduced the Implementing Regulation by virtue of Ministerial Resolution No 168, with the Implementing Regulation to be in full force and effect from 9 September 2020 (being 180 days from the date that the New JOP Regulation was published in the Official Gazette).
What follows is a high level overview of some key concepts from the Implementing Regulation of which all developers, purchasers and owners should be aware.
The New JOP Regulation imposes a mandatory disclosure regime that must be complied with by developers when selling a unit in a jointly owned property. The Implementing Regulation clarifies, in more detail, the information required to be disclosed in the disclosure statement and ensures that a purchaser is aware of the specifications of the unit, its general rights and obligations (as an eventual owner of a unit in the jointly owned development) and other general matters pertaining to the operation and management of the jointly owned development. The disclosure statement would include, at least the following information:
The Implementing Regulation indicates that the Real Estate General Authority (‘REGA’) will issue the form(s) for such disclosure and as at the date of the writing, the form(s) are yet to be issued by REGA.
It is important that all developers are aware of the disclosure requirements in this regard as failure to comply with this regime could provide a purchaser with a right to terminate the sale and purchase agreement.
The Implementing Regulation, at Article 10(3), prescribes the requirements that must be satisfied to enable an OA or community association to be registered with REGA. At the time of registration, the OA or community association must provide REGA with:
REGA shall maintain a register for the registration of OAs and community associations and Article 11 of the Implementing Regulation reinforces the positon under Article 12(2) of the New JOP Regulation, whereby an OA will only gain legal capacity and financial liability upon its registration with REGA. As such, it is crucial that an OA is registered with REGA as soon as possible so as to ensure the OA can perform its intended functions under the New JOP Regulation.
Amongst other matters, REGA will be responsible for organising the works and affairs of the OA and these may include:
REGA shall also issue a technical guide that details the technical specifications and standards regarding the subdivision and re-subdivision of real estate and real estate units.
In addition to the requirements detailed in Article 12(4) of the New JOP Regulation, the Implementing Regulation prescribes additional matters that must be appropriately dealt with in the Constitution for the jointly owned development, such as:
As outlined above, the Constitution is required to be prepared and provided to REGA to enable the OA to be registered.
Article 17 of the Implementing Regulation confirms that by owning a unit in the jointly owned development, that owner is deemed to have approved the Constitution and agreed to adhere to the decisions of the general assembly.
The Implementing Regulation confirms the requirement for a manager to be appointed to manage the jointly owned development and the right of the developer to solely appoint the manager provided that:
Once appointed, the manager, in performing its duties, must act honestly and sincerely, taking into account the interests of the jointly owned development.
The Implementing Regulation details when an auditor must be appointed for a jointly owned development and details the role and responsibilities of the appointed auditor.
The Implementing Regulation provides sufficient rights for works to be undertaken in a unit, if such works are necessary to preserve the integrity of, or improve the use of, or to maintain, the jointly owned development, whilst also detailing the responsibility for payment of the costs associated with undertaking such works and the compensation payable should an owner be required to vacate their unit during the period of works.
The Implementing Regulation provides a useful insight into how the New JOP Regulation is intended to operate and how it will be applied in practice. As the New JOP Regulation and the Implementing Regulation are relatively fresh, Al Tamimi & Company has been working very closely with a number of master developers with respect to the implementation of the New JOP Regulation and is aware of a number of practical issues which require careful consideration. Additionally, Al Tamimi has well established relationships with REGA and other authorities, which enables us to seek clarity on certain matters, first hand, without delay.