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In March 2021, the Survey and Land Registry Bureau (the “SLRB”), being the governmental body responsible for the registration of real estate properties in the Kingdom of Bahrain, issued Resolution No. 5 of 2021 Creating the Special Register of Joint Real Properties (the “JOP Registration Law”). The JOP Registration Law, which repealed and replaced Resolution No. 2 of 2018, was published in the Official Gazette on 4 March 2021 and therefore became effective on and from this date.
Pursuant to the JOP Registration Law, a “special register” for jointly owned properties in the Kingdom of Bahrain shall be created and maintained by the SLRB (the “JOP Register”), with the JOP Registration Law granting various powers to the SLRB to enable it to perform its functions under the JOP Registration Law.
The JOP Register is essentially a centralised register that will be maintained by the SLRB to record the following:
The information being recorded in the JOP Register is quite comprehensive and will ensure that a centralised record is maintained in relation to any unit forming part of a jointly owned property. The information being maintained on the JOP Register will benefit both unit owners and prospective owners as it will ensure that all rights and privileges that both benefit and burden a unit will be recorded on a register that is maintained by the official government body that is responsible for registration of real estate properties in the Kingdom of Bahrain (i.e. the SLRB).
To register a jointly owned property on the JOP Register, the following documents must be submitted to the SLRB at the same time as submitting the application for registration of a real property site plan:
Upon the submission of the application and supporting documentation, the SLRB preparing the necessary documents to give effect to the registration of the development on the JOP Register and will then coordinate with RERA to issue a certificate to the developer confirming the registration of the development on the JOP Register.
The JOP Registration Law grants the SLRB to the necessary powers to enable it to perform its functions under the JOP Register Law, including the right to:
It is important to note, before the SLRB can proceed with the registration of the development on the JOP Register, it must obtain the approval of the person/legal entity that holds the in-rem right for the plot on which the development in constructed on.
Prior to the introduction, the SLRB maintained a similar registered pursuant to Resolution No. 2 of 2018.
The JOP Registration Law, at Article 6, confirms that all information recorded pursuant to Resolution No. 2 of 2018 shall be transferred to the JOP Register.
The registration process set out in the JOP Registration Law ensures that there is a framework in place for a centralised register to be maintained for all jointly owned properties in the Kingdom of Bahrain, which is essential to providing all owners, prospective owners and other stakeholders with transparency so as to ensure that all rights and privileges that both benefit and burden a unit are recorded on a register that is maintained by an official government body.
Should a developer intend to construct a jointly owned development on its plot, it should be aware of what documentation it is required to provide to the SLRB when the time comes to commence the registration process and Al Tamimi & Company would be pleased to assist developers in navigating through this process.
Al Tamimi & Company’s Real Estate team regularly advises developers in relation to matters pertaining to jointly owned properties and has a well-established working relationship with the authorities, including both the SLRB and RERA. For further information, please contact Mohammad Kawasmi (firstname.lastname@example.org).