Our first edition of 2022 focuses on Healthcare and Life Sciences. It is a sector that will once again have the spotlight on it this year as we continue to tackle COVID-19 and its subsequent variants. While the pandemic continues to challenge the sector, governments across the region forge ahead with their plans to expand and upgrade healthcare systems and develop robust world-class healthcare infrastructure.
For the region, healthcare is a vital pillar in diversifying its economies, both locally and as medical tourism hubs. To underpin this, healthcare authorities across the region continue to implement frameworks and regulations that provide structure and accountability.
In this edition, you have unique access to great insights and expert commentary on a number of pertinent healthcare regulatory developments. You will find a topical mix of articles; for example, our lawyers discuss vaccines and returning to work during the pandemic. They take you through several other areas, including stem cell research in Bahrain, clinical research laws in Egypt, and Saudi medical device and pharmaceutical laws.Take a read of the edition
The new Decree by Federal Law No. 34 of 2021 (“Cybercrimes Law”) cancels the previous relevant legislation, namely the Decree by Federal Law No. 5 of 2012 concerning the combat of cybercrimes. Below is some of the key changes to take note of:
Given the importance of such institutions, the Cybercrimes Law further elaborated on the same by referencing and naming those specific institutions to provide for an aggravated penalty.
A penalty of imprisonment term (not less than a year) and/or a fine ranging between AED 500,000 up to AED 3 Million applies on anyone who deliberately disables, suspends or damages/cause harm to an electronic system, website or tool as defined in the Cybercrimes Law.
An aggravation of the penalty applies if the damages/harm affects a banking, medical, media or a scientific institution, the penalty would increase. In such circumstances, the imprisonment increases to a minimum of 3 years with a maximum sentence of 15 years.
Massive changes occurred in terms of re-ordering the relevant provisions and restructuring them. Many additions were also made to the legislation. This provides for more elaboration and clarity of similar counterparts from the previous legislation.
For example, unauthorized access to websites and electronic platforms was clarified by making a direct reference to the word “hacking” in the new provision – a term that is more common and known in the cyber world.
A key provision was introduced to address specifically the instances of creating false electronic emails, website or accounts with the aim of impersonating an individual or a corporate entity.
Article 11 of the Cybercrimes Law imposes an imprisonment penalty and/or a fine not less than AED 50,000 up to AED 200,000 on whoever creates an email, website or an electronic account and falsely attributes it to another. The penalty of imprisonment would be 2 years if the email, website or electronic account was used in a manner that harms the victim (being the real individual or corporate entity).
Below are examples of the new elaborated separate articles /sub-provisions addressing specific crimes:
Should you need any further information or advice with respect to the new Cybercrimes Law and the changes it has brought, please feel free to contact us.