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Welcome to the latest edition of Law Update titled “Rise of Generative AI.”
In this edition, we dive into the dynamic world of Technology, Media, and Telecommunications (TMT) across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. TMT continues to play a vital role in positioning the region as an international business and social hub, driving significant growth and innovation.
Our focus in this Law Update is on the sector’s ongoing potential to advance and propel the region toward a more digital economy. We explore the benefits of embracing a digital transformation and how local authorities have responded by enhancing regulations to accommodate the evolving TMT landscape.
This edition covers a range of topics, including – the new Telecommunications & Information Technology Law in Saudi Arabia, the intricacies of trademarks in the Metaverse, and the legal challenges faced by the video game industry. Additionally, we take a regional perspective, discussing jurisdictions such as Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Oman, and Bahrain to provide a comprehensive understanding of the TMT landscape.
We hope you thoroughly enjoy this packed issue of Law Update, filled with captivating articles that address key legal issues within a vital sector for the region.Read the full edition
Khalid Al Hamrani - Partner, Head of Financial Crime - Financial Crime / Family Business
Mohammed Al Shobaki
The present changes are to achieve long-term targets for consolidating national integrity in the values of official institutions, activating the governance and transparency of laws, providing equal opportunity in national institutions, and improving the management and supervision of public funds. The IACC Law has been issued to cover the faults of other previous laws. First, it is constructed to focus on the national public integrity to achieve the national public interest. Second, is to prevent suspicious acts and practices, and to control acts of corruption. Third, is to achieve the enforcement of the law, as this law has provisions for the investigation and prosecution of any corrupt act.
Under Article 4(j), this new Committee can prosecute anyone who commits any of the acts of corruption under the new law. The IACC receives complaints from those affected and investigates and collects evidence relating to any financial and managerial corruption.
Article 16(a) of the IACC Law sets out the acts of corruption that can be prosecuted by the IACC as follows:
Moreover, this new law has excluded some crimes from its jurisdiction. Article 16(b) provides that the Commission does not have jurisdiction in the following:
Article 17 creates a Prosecution Department in the judicial body to be specialised in all case referred to it from IACC. This department has well-trained prosecutors who are familiar with white collar crimes. Article 18 gives the right to the head of the IACC to seek assistance and support from any official – such as Judicial Officers, officials from other ministries, and police officers – to facilitate the commission work and investigation.
Article 23 legislates the punishments for corrupt acts committed in violation of Article 16. It states that, without prejudice to any other harsher punishment stated in other laws, anyone who is convicted of any of the corrupt acts in Article 16 will face imprisonment for not less than four months, or a fine of not less than 500 Jordanian Dinars and not more than 5,000 Jordanian Dinars.
Article 24 provides a Legal Witnesses Programme, to help witnesses and informants to submit any information that they might have to the Commission. The Commission shall provide protection for the witnesses in their places of residence, keep witnesses’ identities anonymous, and use modern technology in the process of giving their testimony. In special cases where danger exists, the Commission could offer housing for the witnesses if needed.
Article 29 states that cases regarding the collection of the proceeds derived from corruption cannot be dropped or withdraw, cannot be stopped from prosecution and cannot be exempted from punishment. Moreover, Article 30 allowed the Committee to set up a ‘Reconciliations Account’ at the Central Bank, which is allocated to save money and the benefits derived from acts of corruption, which have been recovered or seized, until such amounts are delivering to their rightful owners.
This law was issued to achieve transparency in the public sector, and to establish a centralised unit that could have control over those white collar crimes which could challenge the improvements and the reforms adopted by the government. It should also motivate foreign investors to take into consideration that Jordan is an attractive hub for future enterprises in the Middle East, since Jordan is located in the heart of the Middle East, and could be considered as a safe area compared with some of its neighbouring countries.
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