Our first edition of 2022 focuses on Healthcare and Life Sciences. It is a sector that will once again have the spotlight on it this year as we continue to tackle COVID-19 and its subsequent variants. While the pandemic continues to challenge the sector, governments across the region forge ahead with their plans to expand and upgrade healthcare systems and develop robust world-class healthcare infrastructure.
For the region, healthcare is a vital pillar in diversifying its economies, both locally and as medical tourism hubs. To underpin this, healthcare authorities across the region continue to implement frameworks and regulations that provide structure and accountability.
In this edition, you have unique access to great insights and expert commentary on a number of pertinent healthcare regulatory developments. You will find a topical mix of articles; for example, our lawyers discuss vaccines and returning to work during the pandemic. They take you through several other areas, including stem cell research in Bahrain, clinical research laws in Egypt, and Saudi medical device and pharmaceutical laws.Take a read of the edition
In recognition of the investment appetite for developing markets and CFD offerings Jordan has been opening up for its financial service providers to not only deal in local stocks, but to also have the opportunity to trade in offshore foreign markets. In this respect, the Jordanian Securities Commission (‘JSC’) has introduced legislation to regulate the influx of new licensees seeking to deal with those markets.
In Jordan, stocks and financial instruments are regulated by the JSC. Such dealings are split into two categories: either dealing in local markets; or dealing in foreign markets. This article focuses on the regulation of financial services companies dealing with foreign markets (‘FX Licence’) and the recent instructions introduced for this purpose and we highlight the main amendments and additions included as opposed to the previous instructions (which were released in 2017).
Interestingly, the instructions for Regulating Financial Services Companies Dealing with Foreign Exchanges for the year 2020 (the ‘New FX Instructions) were introduced following a period of suspension of granting any new FX Licenses by the JSC. Realising the risk relating to granting multitude of licenses in high risk financial areas would be detrimental and the difficulties in regulating the same would be increased, the JSC was determined to improve the safeguards and create a more robust legal environment prior to continuing to allow the grant of additional FX Licenses.
The New FX Instructions entered into force on the 2, January 2020, and replaced the Instructions for Regulating Financial Services Companies Dealing with Foreign Exchanges for the year 2017 (’Old FX Instructions’). The New FX Instructions introduced several prominent changes and amendments in relation to dealing with foreign markets. The main updates are outlined below.
The main amendments the New FX Instructions
The New FX Instructions introduced a new definition for Foreign Intermediary as any foreign intermediary who deals with any person licensed by the JSC (‘FX Licensee’), whereby the
foreign intermediary must be licensed and regulated by the authorised certifying regulator in the home country of the Foreign Intermediary. The New FX Instructions stipulate that, in the event that a FX Licensee deals with a Foreign Intermediary, the said intermediary must be certified and included in the JSC’s list of authorised Foreign Intermediaries in order for the FX Licensee to be able to enter into agreements and/or agency contracts with the said licensed Foreign Intermediary.
Furthermore, any agreements between the FX Licensee and the Foreign Intermediary must include the following:
It is a prerequisite for a company to obtain a financial services licence (‘Licence’) prior to becoming an FX Licensee. Both licenses must have a minimum threshold covering the share capital of the FX Licensee, in addition to granting the JSC an unrestricted and irrevocable guarantee for a specific amount. The New FX Instructions impose additional share capital adequacy requirements, which include, but are not limited to: increasing the minimum share capital for Financial Intermediary for Third Parties to 3,000,000 JOD (approximately
US$4.2 million) from 1,000,000 JOD (approximately US$1.4 million); increasing the minimum amount of the guarantee from 350,000 (approximately US$500,000) JOD to
500,000 JOD (approximately US$705,000); increasing the minimum share capital for Investment Management to become 3,000,000 JOD instead of 1,000,000 JOD; and
increasing the minimum amount of the guarantee from 250,000 JOD (approximately US$350,000) to 500,000 JOD.
Additionally, the New FX Instructions increased the list of FX Licensee prohibited actions to
include the following:
In light of the current international shift towards safe investment and risk awareness, the New FX Instructions include a prohibition on the FX Licensee which stipulates that the said licensee is not permitted to mislead a customer into believing that the investment is guaranteed nor will it ensure a quick, high return of profit.
Additionally, it is stipulated that if a FX Licensee wishes to market the services or products in any way, it must include precautionary phrases clearly outlining the high risks involved in
dealing with foreign stock markets in all advertisements, and such precautionary phrases must also be included in the FX Licensees’ website and social media accounts.
The New FX Instructions grant the JSC the right to appoint an external auditor, other than the one appointed by the FX Licensee, if the JSC deems it necessary. The said audit shall be
performed at the expense of the FX Licensee.
Finally, the New FX Instructions state that the FX Licensee must reconciliate its position pursuant to the New FX Instruction within six months from date of its entry into force. Additionally, the FX Licensee must reconciliate its position in relation to the minimum share capital requirements within three years as of the date of entry into force of the New FX Instructions.
Summary of general requirements for obtaining FX Licence
The outline of the requirements to qualifying as a FX Licensee are as follows:
In light of the above developments, it is hoped that increased regulation of foreign market, will enhance the safety as well as the integrity of foreign dealings, while providing a platform in Jordan for licensed entities to deal in markets on a broader scale. Additionally, our dialogue with the JSC has evidenced that financial service providers have been applying for the FX Licence pursuant to the New FX Instructions, however no new licenses have been granted as of yet.