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Welcome to the latest edition of Law Update titled “Rise of Generative AI.”
In this edition, we dive into the dynamic world of Technology, Media, and Telecommunications (TMT) across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. TMT continues to play a vital role in positioning the region as an international business and social hub, driving significant growth and innovation.
Our focus in this Law Update is on the sector’s ongoing potential to advance and propel the region toward a more digital economy. We explore the benefits of embracing a digital transformation and how local authorities have responded by enhancing regulations to accommodate the evolving TMT landscape.
This edition covers a range of topics, including – the new Telecommunications & Information Technology Law in Saudi Arabia, the intricacies of trademarks in the Metaverse, and the legal challenges faced by the video game industry. Additionally, we take a regional perspective, discussing jurisdictions such as Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Oman, and Bahrain to provide a comprehensive understanding of the TMT landscape.
We hope you thoroughly enjoy this packed issue of Law Update, filled with captivating articles that address key legal issues within a vital sector for the region.Read the full edition
Omar Obeidat - Partner, Head of Competition and Intellectual Property - Intellectual Property / Competition
Or can you simply manage your trademarks through entrusting the agent quoting the lowest professional fee? Can you really justify appointing a solid but somewhat expensive attorney, if you know what classes are relevant, and how to choose your mark? In order to answer these questions, you will probably need to survey the functions of the Trademarks Offices in the Middle East region and understand whether one can read the trends of the Examining Officers or the Registrars and accordingly anticipate what is registrable and what is questionable. How can you read such trends with ever-changing staff at these UAE Trademarks Offices? How can you read trends from the Kuwaiti Trademarks Office that does not provide the service of a trademark search? Or from the KSA Office whose examination decisions vary drastically between examiners sitting next to each other in the same office.
When you analyse the functions of the trademark offices, one could paint a terrible picture and question whether it is worthy or even safe to protect trademark rights in the region. We would not go that far, as the economies of the Middle East and growth percentages make very clear the importance of protecting your brands in the region. However, we have to acknowledge that consistency and trend setting are difficult to read in the Middle East. A lot of time, effort and recording of (often contradicting) decisions is required to challenge and prevail against a decision by the TMO to reject or challenge an application,
Perhaps the UAE, with its TMOs being relatively progressive in the Middle East, can be studied as an example supporting the argument that, in choosing a lawyer, trademark owners should consider the qualifications and experience of a trademark attorney and not merely make a decision based on the professional fees. There is no question that, if you need an effective trademark attorney in the UAE, you certainly need an effective one throughout the Middle East. The number of unusual decisions issued by the UAE TMO in relation to trademark prosecution in recent years was alarming to both trademark attorneys and trademark owners. Several communications have been made through industry associations as well as through trademark practitioners in relation to the decisions made by the TMO that neither consistent with the Trademarks Law nor with the usual practice adopted by the TMO, not to mention best practices of Trademark Offices on an international level. Some of these decisions related to expediting the revenue generated from trademark applications, while others related to expediting the prosecution process at the expense of quality and others related to decisions that contradicted logical timeframes that can be managed by trademark owners.
Some examples of these decisions include:
Cancelling preliminary technical examinations means that rectification of minor changes or clarifications raised by the Trademarks Section is no longer an option. This would inevitably increase the number of rejection decisions and consequently increase the number of objection cases, adding yet more files to the backlog. A simple issue such as submitting a renewed trade license, which could have been resolved through a technical examination report, has now become a serious matter and can be subject to a rejection decision. One could rationalise the Ministry’s direction to relieve their staff from paperwork and reduce time spent on examinations, however the end result is that it still leads to more work for other departments within the Trademarks Section (those dealing with rejections). Appealing rejection decisions requires the trademark attorney to have kept Court judgments in relation to trademarks, in order to bring a convincing appeal to reverse the TMO decision.
Managing your trademark portfolio in the Middle East requires a switched-on and experienced attorney, who maintains records and examples ready to be presented to challenge a TMO decision, has sufficient financial strength to address unusual changes in the process, and is able to bring about legal actions to reverse TMO decisions.
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