The final Law Update of 2022 is here, and it’s packed full of articles. The double edition features two focus areas, first is a spotlight on Energy and Resources and second we feature a collection of articles on Transport and Logistics. The developments occurring in these sectors in the MENA region are unprecedented and our lawyers cover vast themes for you.
The Energy and Resources focus features topics such as diversifying energy resources, solar PV, mining in the Middle East, renewable energy and green hydrogen. From a transport perspective, we draw attention to the Bahrain metro project, discuss the challenges and remedies associated with the repossession of an aircraft, and there is advice on what to consider should a party vary the terms of a shipping contract.
This edition navigates you through updates from across jurisdictions such as, Oman, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Iraq, Qatar, and the UAE. Each article is timely and provides insights into legal issues and cases that are affecting these sectors across the region.Read the full edition
Maha Dahoui - Associate - Real Estate
The Chairman of Abu Dhabi Executive Council has issued Resolution No. 49 of 2018 on the Municipal Services Fees in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi (“Resolution No. 49) which came into effect on 27 May 2018. Resolution No. 49 introduces a new schedule of fees applicable to real estate disposals and the ownership of real estate in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi.
All fees stated in Resolution No. 49 are payable to Abu Dhabi City Municipality, Al Ain City Municipality and Al Dhafra Region Municipality (“Municipalities”), as applicable depending on the location of the property.
The implementation of a number of fees referred to in Resolution 49, including the new sale and purchase registration fees and the “white land tax”, remain subject to the issuance of implementing resolutions by the Executive Committee. To date, the Executive Committee has not yet issued any of the implementing resolutions required under Resolution No. 49.
The Executive Committee was established by Abu Dhabi Executive Council Chairman Resolution No. 53 of 2006 and is composed of the following members:
Resolution No. 49 provides that the fees for the registration of sales and purchases will be determined by the Executive Committee. Fees for the registration of sales and purchasers shall be at least 1% and not more than 4% of the transaction value, or if higher the property value as assessed by the relevant Municipality. Fees shall be borne between the seller and purchaser equally, unless agreed otherwise.
The Executive Committee has not yet issued its resolution determining the sale and purchase registration fees and until such time, the Municipalities will continue to apply a rate of 2% of the property value (or if higher the property value as assessed by the relevant Municipality), without any upper fee cap, upon the registration of a sale and purchase transaction.
The fees for the registration of musataha and usufruct rights are now set at the rate 4% of the value of the musataha or the usufruct rights.
The musataha/usufruct registration fees as set by Resolution No. 49:
Resolution No. 49 has lifted the prohibition on the disposal of granted commercial and investment land in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, subject to the payment of 15% of the land value to the Relevant Municipality if the granted commercial or investment land is bare land at the time of disposal.
For the purposes of payment of these fees, disposal includes sale, gift and public auction sale but excludes the mortgaging of the land. In this respect, where a lender intends to mortgage bare land which has granted to the owner, it will need to factor in the possible fees payable by the lender or a future buyer should the mortgage be enforced and land sold at auction.
An annual fee will be imposed and collected by the Municipalities on a selected list of vacant commercial and investment land (but expressly excluding residential land). If the vacant commercial or investment land benefits from infrastructure services, the annual fee will be levied at a rate of between 1% and 4% of the land value. The Executive Committee will issue a further resolution to determine which vacant commercial and investment land will be subject to these annual fees. This further resolution will specify the locations and criteria for the vacant land which will be made subject to the “white land tax”. It will also set the applicable rate of annual fee payable in each case.
A similar tax was introduced last year in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on undeveloped land with the aim to resolve the gap between the supply and demand forces in the Saudi real estate market in specific urban areas.
It remains to be seen how the “white land tax” will apply and be implemented in Abu Dhabi. We do not yet know how the Executive Committee will decide which land to include and the different level of fees which will be applied. We also wait to see what does the requirement for “infrastructure services to be available” means in practice for the purposes of applying “white land tax”.
With effect from 27 May 2018, a one-off infrastructure fee will be payable to the relevant Municipality on all commercial and investment land. When applying the “infrastructure fee”, the relevant Municipality will refer to the permitted use of the land as mentioned the land site plan issued by such Municipality. The infrastructure fees will be calculated based on the land Gross Floor Area (GFA) at the following rates:
We outline below a schedule of the fees applicable to real estate transactions and services, land area increases, planning services and lease registration services as set by Resolution No. 49:
Al Tamimi & Company’s real estate team in Abu Dhabi regularly advises on real estate transactions and the latest legal developments relating to the real estate market in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. For further information, please contact Maha Dahoui (firstname.lastname@example.org) or David Bowman (email@example.com).