The final Law Update of 2022 is here, and it’s packed full of articles. The double edition features two focus areas, first is a spotlight on Energy and Resources and second we feature a collection of articles on Transport and Logistics. The developments occurring in these sectors in the MENA region are unprecedented and our lawyers cover vast themes for you.
The Energy and Resources focus features topics such as diversifying energy resources, solar PV, mining in the Middle East, renewable energy and green hydrogen. From a transport perspective, we draw attention to the Bahrain metro project, discuss the challenges and remedies associated with the repossession of an aircraft, and there is advice on what to consider should a party vary the terms of a shipping contract.
This edition navigates you through updates from across jurisdictions such as, Oman, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Iraq, Qatar, and the UAE. Each article is timely and provides insights into legal issues and cases that are affecting these sectors across the region.Read the full edition
June – July 2016
FinTech companies pride themselves on having two main functions, which over the past decade have pushed them to the forefront of venture capitalists’ ‘must have’ investments. These two functions are: (1) better use of data and (2) effortless customer experience. In 2015, Goldman Sachs estimated that FinTech companies could make up to US$ 4.7 trillion in annual revenue and around US$ 470 billion in profit. Satander InnoVentures estimated that US$ 23.5 billion of venture capital investment in 2013 – 2014 was in FinTech companies. Such figures are, naturally, making this growing industry extremely attractive to venture capitalists, governments, banks, and entrepreneurs.
Existing FinTech companies include: ‘Lending Club’, ‘OnDeck Capital’, ‘Kabbage’, ‘Kickstarter’ and “Indiegogo”. These FinTechs all operate slightly differently from one another but, in essence, they all have one thing in common: they connect directly to the consumer and they are quick and easy to use in comparison to traditional financial options.
Abu Dhabi is proposing to offer a zone for FinTechs within the ADGM and has proposed a prospective policy to entice FinTechs to come to the region. The Paper, which was circulated on 10 May 2016, proposes to create a ‘Regulatory Laboratory’ (“RegLab”) that will ‘provide a safe environment, within controlled boundaries, for businesses to test, develop and provide innovative FinTech products’.
It is proposed that the RegLab will operate and provide a framework that will adjust the current ADGM requirements so that FinTechs are offered a sustainable environment in which they are able to operate. The Paper has offered some broad examples of what may be included in the conditions imposed under the RegLab, including:
These examples show the direction in which the RegLab proposes to be a satisfactory entry into the market but, there needs to be a more robust system in place to show the core framework in which the RegLab will operate. FinTechs largely operate in a similar manner therefore, providing a bespoke analysis of each particular FinTech on a case by case basis may not be the most efficient way in which to assess the FinTechs viability for the zone.
Two year exemption period
FinTechs would be given a two year period in which the FSRA will ‘actively engage the FinTech participant so as to stay abreast of, and support, the FinTech innovation’. During these two years, FinTechs will be given added benefits, such as not having to lease an office within the ADGM in order to benefit from the ADGM freezone.
During the two year period, the FSRA will actively engage the FinTech so as to assist and support FinTech innovation, not only with the grant of authorisation under the RegLab but also to ensure that they continue to be ‘fit and proper’ to operate within the ADGM.
Dedicated online FinTech portal
The Paper proposes that there should be a dedicated online FinTech portal. This will be greatly beneficial to FinTechs as, traditionally, FinTechs have not been given the support needed due to the competition that they pose to traditional financial services. The Paper proposes that the FinTechs will have ‘direct engagement with FSRA’ in order to help assist in the development of their business plan scope and ultimately assist the FinTechs with achieving final authorisation by the RegLab, giving the FinTechs the support needed to establish a base in the region.
The FSRA has proposed that the authorisation criteria for FinTechs under the RegLab will be based on the following three pronged approach and will be assessed after the two year period:
1. the FinTech project should promote novel innovation, in terms of the business application and deployment model of the technology;
2. the FinTech project should have the potential to:
3. the FinTech project should be in a sufficiently advanced stage of development to mount a live test. If the FinTech participant is at an early stage of product development, it will not be permitted to conduct regulated activities, hence, it will not need to be authorised under the FSMR.
Further, the FinTechs would be required to:
The FSRA may be able to extend, in exceptional circumstances and on a case by case basis, some FinTechs two year validity period but, it is not yet detailed under what circumstances this would be the case.
The interest in FinTechs is undeniable and the proposed RegLab supports the growth of FinTechs , however, it is equally important to create a framework that is adequately structured to support this growing industry and a the correct legal and financial framework to provide a stable environment in which FinTechs can achieve their full potential.